Month: July 2014

Web Design Processes

Web Design

Web design is the skill of creating presentations of content (usually hypertext or hypermedia) that is delivered to an end-user through the World Wide Web, by way of a Web browser or other Web-enabled software like Internet television clients, microblogging clients and RSS readers.

The process of designing Web pages, Web sites, Web applications or multimedia for the Web may utilize multiple disciplines, such as animation, authoring, communication design, corporate identity, graphic design, human-computer interaction, information architecture, interaction design, marketing, photography, search engine optimization and typography.

  • Markup languages (such as HTML, XHTML and XML)
  • Style sheet languages (such as CSS and XSL)
  • Client-side scripting (such as JavaScript and VBScript)
  • Server-side scripting (such as PHP and ASP)
  • Database technologies (such as MySQL and PostgreSQL)
  • Multimedia technologies (such as Flash and Silverlight)

Web pages and Web sites can be static pages, or can be programmed to be dynamic pages that automatically adapt content or visual appearance depending on a variety of factors, such as input from the end-user, input from the Webmaster or changes in the computing environment (such as the site’s associated database having been modified).
With growing specialization within communication design and information technology fields, there is a strong tendency to draw a clear line between web design specifically for web pages and web development for the overall logistics of all web-based services.

Accessible Web design

To be accessible, web pages and sites must conform to certain accessibility principles. These accessibility principles are known as the WCAG when talking about content. These can be grouped into the following main areas.[1]

  • Use semantic markup that provides a meaningful structure to the document (i.e. web page)
  • Semantic markup also refers to semantically organizing the web page structure and publishing web services description accordingly so that they can be recognized by other web services on different web pages. Standards for semantic web are set by IEEE
  • Use a valid markup language that conforms to a published DTD or Schema
  • Provide text equivalents for any non-text components (e.g. images, multimedia)
  • Use hyperlinks that make sense when read out of context. (e.g. avoid “Click Here.”)
  • Don’t use frames
  • Use CSS rather than HTML tables for layout.
  • Author the page so that when the source code is read line-by-line by user agents (such as a screen readers) it remains intelligible. (Using tables for design will often result in information that is not.

However, W3C permits an exception where tables for layout either make sense when linearized or an alternate version (perhaps linearized) is made available. Website accessibility is also changing as it is impacted by Content Management Systems that allow changes to be made to webpages without the need of obtaining programming language knowledge.

History

Tim Berners-Lee published what is considered to be the first website in August 1991.[2] Berners-Lee was the first to combine Internet communication (which had been carrying email and the Usenet for decades) with hypertext (which had also been around for decades, but limited to browsing information stored on a single computer, such as interactive CD-ROM design). Websites are written in a markup language called HTML, and early versions of HTML were very basic, only giving a website’s basic structure (headings and paragraphs), and the ability to link using hypertext. This was new and different from existing forms of communication – users could easily navigate to other pages by following hyperlinks from page to page.

As the Web and web design progressed, the markup language changed to become more complex and flexible, giving the ability to add objects like images and tables to a page. Features like tables, which were originally intended to be used to display tabular information, were soon subverted for use as invisible layout devices. With the advent of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), table-based layout is commonly regarded as outdated. Database integration technologies such as server-side scripting and design standards like W3C further changed and enhanced the way the Web is made. As times change, websites are changing the code on the inside and visual design on the outside with ever-evolving programs and utilities.

With the progression of the Web, tens of thousands of web design companies have been established around the world to serve the growing demand for such work. As with much of the information technology industry, many web design companies have been established in technology parks in the developing world as well as many Western design companies setting up offices in countries such as India, Romania, and Russia to take advantage of the relatively lower labor rates found in such countries.

Website planning

Purposing web design is a complex, but essential ongoing activity. Before creating and uploading a website, it is important to take the time to plan exactly what is needed in the website. Thoroughly considering the audience or target market, as well as defining the purpose and deciding what content will be developed are extremely important.

Context

Web design is similar (in a very simplistic way) to traditional print publishing. Every website is an information display container, just as a book ; and every web page is like the page in a book. However, web design uses a framework based on digital code and display technology to construct and maintain an environment to distribute information in multiple formats. Taken to its fullest potential, web design is undoubtedly the most sophisticated and increasingly complex method to support communication in today’s world.

Purpose

It is essential to define the purpose of the website as one of the first steps in the planning process with a web design agency. A purpose statement should show focus based on what the website will accomplish and what the users will get from it. A clearly defined purpose will help the rest of the planning process as the audience is identified and the content of the site is developed. Setting short and long term goals for the website will help make the purpose clear and plan for the future when expansion, modification, and improvement will take place. Goal setting practices and measurable objectives should be identified to track the progress of the site and determine success.

Audience

Defining the audience is a key step in the website planning process. The audience is the group of people who are expected to visit your website – the market being targeted. These people will be viewing the website for a specific reason and it is important to know exactly what they are looking for when they visit the site. A clearly defined purpose or goal of the site as well as an understanding of what visitors want to do or feel when they come to your site will help to identify the target audience. Upon considering who is most likely to need or use the content, a list of characteristics common to the users such as:

  • Audience Characteristics
  • Information Preferences
  • Computer Specifications
  • Web Experience

Taking into account the characteristics of the audience will allow an effective website to be created that will deliver the desired content to the target audience.

Content

Content evaluation and organization requires that the purpose of the website be clearly defined. Collecting a list of the necessary content then organizing it according to the audience’s needs is a key step in website planning. In the process of gathering the content being offered, any items that do not support the defined purpose or accomplish target audience objectives should be removed. It is a good idea to test the content and purpose on a focus group and compare the offerings to the audience needs. The next step is to organize the basic information structure by categorizing the content and organizing it according to user needs. Each category should be named with a concise and descriptive title that will become a link on the website. Planning for the site’s content ensures that the wants or needs of the target audience and the purpose of the site will be fulfilled.

Compatibility and restrictions

Because of the market share of modern browsers (depending on your target market), the compatibility of your website with the viewers is restricted. For instance, a website that is designed for the majority of websurfers will be limited to the use of valid XHTML 1.0 Strict or older, Cascading Style Sheets Level 1, and 1024×768 display resolution. This is because Internet Explorer is not fully W3C standards compliant with the modularity of XHTML 1.1 and the majority of CSS beyond 1. A target market of more alternative browser (e.g. Firefox, Safari and Opera) users allow for more W3C compliance and thus a greater range of options for a web designer.

Another restriction on webpage design is the use of different Image file formats. The majority of users can support GIF, JPEG, and PNG (with restrictions). Again Internet Explorer is the major restriction here, not fully supporting PNG’s advanced transparency features, resulting in the GIF format still being the most widely used graphic file format for transparent images.

Many website incompatibilities go unnoticed by the designer and unreported by the users. The only way to be certain a website will work on a particular platform is to test it on that platform.

Planning documentation

Documentation is used to visually plan the site while taking into account the purpose, audience and content, to design the site structure, content and interactions that are most suitable for the website. Documentation may be considered a prototype for the website – a model which allows the website layout to be reviewed, resulting in suggested changes, improvements and/or enhancements. This review process increases the likelihood of success of the website.

The first step may involve information architecture in which the content is categorized and the information structure is formulated. The information structure is used to develop a document or visual diagram called a site map. This creates a visual of how the web pages or content will be interconnected, and may help in deciding what content will be placed on what pages.

In addition to planning the structure, the layout and interface of individual pages may be planned using a storyboard. In the process of storyboarding, a record is made of the description, purpose and title of each page in the site, and they are linked together according to the most effective and logical diagram type. Depending on the number of pages required for the website, documentation methods may include using pieces of paper and drawing lines to connect them, or creating the storyboard using computer software.

Some or all of the individual pages may be designed in greater detail as a website wireframe, a mock up model or comprehensive layout of what the page will actually look like. This is often done in a graphic program, or layout design program. The wireframe has no working functionality, only planning, though it can be used for selling ideas to other web design companies.

Website design

Web design is similar (in a very simplisitc way) to traditional print publishing. Every website is an information display container, just as a book is a container; and every web page is like the page in a book. However, web design uses a framework based on digital code and display technology to construct and maintain an environment to distribute information in multiple formats. Taken to its fullest potential, web design is undoubtedly the most sophisticated and increasingly complex method to support communication in today’s world. “Design Issues for the World Wide Web”. public domain. World Wide Web Consortium. 2009-06-09. http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/. Retrieved on 2009-06-10.

For the typical web sites, the basic aspects of design are:

  • The content: the substance, and information on the site should be relevant to the site and should target the area of the public that the website is concerned with.
  • The usability: the site should be user-friendly, with the interface and navigation simple and reliable.
  • The appearance: the graphics and text should include a single style that flows throughout, to show consistency. The style should be professional, appealing and relevant.
  • The visibility: the site must also be easy to find via most, if not all, major search engines and advertisement media.

A web site typically consists of text and images. The first page of a web site is known as the Home page or Index. Some web sites use what is commonly called a Splash Page. Splash pages might include a welcome message, language or region selection, or disclaimer. Each web page within a web site is an HTML file which has its own URL. After each web page is created, they are typically linked together using a navigation menu composed of hyperlinks. Faster browsing speeds have led to shorter attention spans and more demanding online visitors and this has resulted in less use of Splash Pages, particularly where commercial web sites are concerned[citation needed].

Once a web site is completed, it must be published or uploaded in order to be viewable to the public over the internet. This may be done using an FTP client. Once published, the web master may use a variety of techniques to increase the traffic, or hits, that the web site receives. This may include submitting the web site to a search engine such as Google, Bing or Yahoo, exchanging links with other web sites, creating affiliations with similar web sites, etc.

Environment

Layout is a double edged sword: on the one hand, it is the expression of a framework that actively shapes the web designer. On the other hand, as the designer adapts that framework to projects, layout is the means of content delivery. Publishing a web engages communication throughout the production process as well as within the product created. Publication implies adaptation of culture and content standards. Web design incorporates multiple intersections between many layers of technical and social understanding, demanding creative direction, design element structure, and some form of social organization. Differing goals and methods resolve effectively in successful deployment of education, software and team management during the design process. However, many competing and evolving platforms and environments challenge acceptance, completion and continuity of every design product.

Collaboration

Early Web design was less integrated with companies’ advertising campaigns, customer transactions, extranets, intranets and social networking. Web sites were seen largely as static online brochures or database connection points, disconnected from the broader scopes of a business or project. Many Web sites are still disconnected from the broader project scope. As a result, many Web sites are needlessly difficult to use, indirect in their way of communicating, and suffer from a ‘disconnected’ or ineffective bureaucratic information architecture.

Form versus function

A web developer / web design agency may pay more attention to how a page looks while neglecting other copywriting and search engine optimization functions such as the readability of text, the ease of navigating the site, or how easily the visitors are going to find the site. As a result, the designers may end up in disputes where some want more decorative graphics at the expense of keyword-rich text, bullet lists, and text links. Assuming a false dichotomy that form and function are mutually exclusive overlooks the possibility of integrating multiple disciplines for a collaborative and synergistic solution. In many cases form follows function. Because some graphics serve communication purposes in addition to aesthetics, how well a site works may depend on the graphic design ideas as well as the professional writing considerations.

When using a lot of graphics, a web page can load slowly, often irritating the user. This has become less of a problem as the internet has evolved with high-speed broadband connections and the use of vector graphics. However there is still an ongoing engineering challenge to increase bandwidth and an artistic challenge to minimize the amount of graphics and their file sizes. This challenge is compounded since increased bandwidth encourages more graphics with larger file sizes.

When faced with a large database and many requirements, a design group may throw far too much information for a server to manage. Alternative technology or additional structure (even another server or site) may be required to fit the demand.

Layout

Layout refers to the dimensioning of content in a device display, and the delivery of media in a content related stream. Web design layouts result in visual content frameworks: these frameworks can be fixed, they can use units of measure that are relative, or they can provide fluid layout with proportional dimensions. The deployment flowchart (a useful tool on any design project) should address content layout. Many units of measure exist, but here are some popular dimension formats:

  • Pixel measure results in fixed or static content
  • Em measure results in proportional content that is relative to font-size
  • Percent measure results in fluid content that shrinks and grows to “fit” display windows
  • Proportional, liquid and hybrid layout are also referred to as dynamic design.

Hybrid layout incoroprates any combination of fixed, proportional or fluid elements within (or pointing to) a single page. The hybrid web design framework is made possible by digital internet conventions generally proscribed by the W3C. If any layout does not appear as it should, it is very likely that it does not conform to standard design principles, or that those standards conflict with standard layout elements. Current knowledge of standards is essential to effective hybrid design.

The earliest web pages used fixed layouts without exception. In many business pages fixed layouts are preferred today as they easily contain static tabled information. Fixed layout enforces device display convention, as viewers must set their display to at least a certain width to easily view content. This width can include display of coporate logos, cautions, advertisements and any other target content. Design frameworks for fixed layout may need to include coding for multiple display devices.

Hybrid design maintains most static content control, but is adapted to textual publishing, and for readers, to conventional (printed) display. Hybrid layouts are generally easy on the eye and are found on most sites that distribute traditional images and text to readers. For some sites, hybrid design makes an otherwise cold text column appear warm and balanced. A good example of hybrid layout is WordPress, where liquid design is now optional, and movie and auditory media is stretching the envelope.

Fluid design is useful where content is delivered to an ‘unknown device’ population. Appropriate liquid code displays images, text and spaces proportional to display size. Someone with a handheld can see view and interact with the same content as someone using a large desktop monitor. Fluid display is the future for most layout projects, but let’s consider obstacles to this current direction.

Life With Gluten Sensitivity

With this post I hope to provide you a bit more desire and ebullience with your new gluten free life style. Today it’s both easier and more interesting to conform to a gluten free life.

Despite the fact that wheat gluten intolerance might become challenging to define and label, when you exhibit tenaciousness you as well as your physician shall ultimately find hope for your dieting and your wellness.

In fact, it appears that every passing year reveals more definitive and helpful tagging in the super market. Occasionally manufacturers provide this improved tagging and once in a while the super market companies are contributing to improved labeling in their markets. Either way, it’s becoming simpler every year.

If you determine that you must conform to a Celiac diet you must adjust your life-style, not only your diet. Luckily, more and more data is obtainable about how to enjoy life free of gluten. You will likewise discover quite a few new gluten intolerance friendly products and better helpful labeling from manufacturers.

For starters all people with gluten sensitivity should become informed about particular gluten-free staples to keep on hand. These are components which can be substituted for the standard gluten-containing flours to make more adequate wheat-free formulas for your loved ones and you.

Gluten enables the distinct grain in baked foods because it traps pockets of air. Gluten provides dough its elasticity and helps keep baked goods from crumbling and breaking apart. Sometimes it is also utilized to quickly thicken varied sauces.

Subbing gluten-free flours alone will not replace these lost attributes. When using a wheat-free flour mix a wheat gluten alternative ought to be included in the blend to imitate the attributes of authentic gluten. Two popular gluten replacements are guar gum and xanthum gum. These can by and large be discovered on the internet or in a gourmet or organic grocery store.

It’s also wise to maintain a good flour mix and gluten alternative on hand. A gluten-free flour mixture consists of a blend of gluten-free flours. You may desire to try a few to acquire the gluten-free flour blend you like best. So when you are ready to bake just supply a gluten substitute to the mix and you’re prepared to go.

NOTICE: I do wish my telling my simple story assists individuals reading this blog, but note that I am not a medical professional so you should consult with a medical doctor prior to taking any medical suggestions from the Internet.

WordPress Website Development Services In Benoni

Attain exceptional WordPress Customization Service

WordPress is an open source blogging platform that uses PHP coding. It is hugely popular among WordPress web developer and users due to the features and functionalities that it provides. We at STRANG IT CONSULTING, make maximum use of the WordPress programming features to provide effective WordPress web development solutions.

Expertise and advantages of WordPress Customization Programmer at STRANG IT CONSULTING:
Our teams of WordPress coder are well equipped with knowledge and required infrastructure using which, they develop various WordPress apps. Being WordPress expert, they develop – Blogs, Plugins, Themes, Shopping Cart, Social Networking sites, Community web portals and E-commerce/online shopping sites.

TIP! Keep your content interesting and entertaining. Design is certainly important, but the content is the reason that people will come back to your site.

Get a variety of WordPress solution and service at STRANG IT CONSULTING:
We provide a wide range of services for WordPress rapid development. Get your desired WordPress website development service/solution from our wordpress web development company, South Africa to satiate your business needs.

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  • WordPress theme development
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  • WordPress CMS Development
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Salient features of WordPress web development projects undertaken at STRANG IT CONSULTING:

TIP! Keep in mind that a website does not have to be designed only by you. Effective web design requires the developer to understand a variety of different disciplines, including programming, SEO, useability and graphic design principles.

Acquire Affordable WordPress Programmer:
We provide our clients with cost effective web solutions using the efficiency of our WordPress web developers. They help reduce up to 60% of your total development charges incurred without affecting the quality of the work.

Dedicated Developer at your service:
Obtain our teams of dedicated developer who provide you with best WordPress solution in the industry.

Focus on Client:
We are a client centric entity. Using rigid software development guidelines, we provide our clients with nothing but the best WordPress web development services in the industry.

TIP! The security of your site is always of the utmost importance. Purchase a SSL certificate if you handle payments or other person information.

Enhanced Coding Quality:
Our talented WordPress web design teams make sure that your requirements are met in a professional way. They take provide error-free apps for your business usage by using their skills.

Experience and Exposure:
The WordPress CMS developer employed at our company, are well experienced with hands-on experience in the latest WordPress/ PHP programming technologies.

Guidelines To Make Sure That Your Home-business Is A Success

While running a business from home can be enticing, it can also seem overwhelming. It can be hard to decide exactly where it is you need to start. How will you make a profit? There are many questions that need to be dealt with. Thankfully, this article gives some solid direction as to how to make a home-business work for you.

Define a specific spot in your home for use as a work space. You need to have enough room to keep everything organized. This will assure that everything you do has some organization, which is important to the success of business.

Take your article advertising to the next level, check out our blog and find out how paraphrasing can build your blog for you

TIP! Can you describe what your home business does within the span of an elevator ride? Cultivating the skill of being succinct when describing your business will impress possible new customers. This also helps generate a slogan and make sure important points about your business are covered.

When you can get by with a simple, modest website, do so; invest in thorough reliability testing instead of fancy bells and whistles. You should design your site to be browser-friendly on all available formats, such as mobile devices, and try to make your information follow similar formats on all devices. Naturally you can decide if and when your marketing efforts should include specific mobile device access for your users. If you believe most people are accessing your business through computers, perhaps you shouldn’t take on the expense of becoming mobile-device friendly. On the other hand, if you receive multiple comments from customers about their frustrations with trying to access your information on their mobile devices. Perhaps you should investigate improving their user experience.

You should always look toward the future. When you win at something you definitely should celebrate. However, you need to realize that this is success is over, and put you behind you once it’s over. You should be focusing on what will happen tomorrow or even next week. This can help you prepare for things that will happen in the future. In this way, you will not find yourself surprised.

Find something to laugh about while you’re taking a break for lunch. Laughing lowers blood pressure, revives your respiratory system and provides a feeling of well being and happiness. Watch some Laugh Or Die videos, or check out YouTube and get yourself back in the game and ready to work on your home-business!

TIP! If you are working towards being innovative in starting you home business think about things that you might find useful in your daily life. Identifying a need is the first step to selecting a successful product.

Know more about where your targeted customers are, and reach out to them. Though the web is a vast market for your business to tap into, that doesn’t mean you have to neglect the conventional paradigm where customer and vendor meet face to face. Have a community sale or participate in local events.

Be sure to keep an open line of communication with your customers without going overboard. Use newsletters, optional e-mail or text alerts to relay any new information or specials you implement. Make sure you don’t overstep your limits when it comes to communication.

Learn Blogging for your Home-business

TIP! Either talk with your family and friends, or send them a friendly email when you start your business letting them know about the launch. Offer a discount, coupon or freebie to start your business right.

Know your prices. If you are going to make your own product, you need to find out how much it costs to make. Standard pricing is the cost times two. This should give you the price you need to charge wholesale buyers. For the retail price, multiply the cost times three.

When starting up a home-based business, be certain to calculate the start up costs. It takes less funds to begin a home-based business, but do not forget that there are still financial considerations. If you can figure out how much money you will need to successfully run your business, it will help your business make money and not lose it in the long run.

As soon as your business is up and running, track mileage and gas on all the driving you do in relation to the business. When you start a home-based business, you can take certain tax deductions, including deductions for business-related transportation expenses. When your business demands a lot of travel, you can save a sizable amount at tax time.

TIP! Create an account at one of the many home business forums available on the internet. These forums will let you collaborate with others in a similar situation.

Consider becoming part of a home-based business forum on the Internet. Joining one will give you a valuable opportunity to hear ideas from people dealing with the same questions you are, and to share your own ideas with them. Other home-based business owners will have faced similar frustrations and obstacles, and communicating with them will allow you to share experiences and ideas.

When it comes to your customer’s needs, make sure you go beyond the call of duty to satisfy their unique requirements. When you are packing their orders, add a little something fun or write a short thank-you note, this will let them know that you are thankful for their business. People love little gifts that make them feel special. Show them that you’ll go above and beyond to keep them happy.

Don’t overspend on your website’s design; instead concentrate your resources on testing. You want your site to be available to the largest number of people. To achieve this, you need to make sure it loads well on all media: PCs, smart phones, iPads and all browsers. Testing the user experience from several different angles ensures that a wider audience will be able to access your site and information about your business.

TIP! Record all the money you spend on your business, and you will have the opportunity to get money back at tax time. Keep track of your business expenses, including vehicle costs and internet.

You should always take some risks and experiment with home business if you want to continue to grow. By taking these risks, you will attract different groups of people than you were already attracting, which means you make more money! If you keep doing the same thing, you won’t know if a better alternative exists.

Home Business and Blogging

Effective Internet marketing is crucial to the success of your home-business. There are several ways you can take advantage of the Internet to promote your business. Write articles that are related to your niche and post them to article directories and blogs. You can also distribute email newsletters to your customers. The result will be increased exposure and increased profits.

As mentioned before, many people have a dream of starting their own business from home, but are not sure how to go about it. Starting your home business may be hard if you don’t understand how to succeed with it.

How Do I Get a Business ecommerce web site design Portland Oregon

Application of the knowledge will help them to make the site more functional for better impact on viewers web design services Portland Oregon . The website design tips can easily lay stress upon selection a good web hosting service provider for technical expertise . This factor is considered to be of extreme importance in website design tips and specifically cared by the professional web designers . On internet, the customers can effortlessly compare the cost versus benefits of competing products . You should also see to it that the company you are selecting will be able to provide more updated services as and when your business will grow .

For this you require ecommerce website designers that have the creativity and imagination to create such a website that fits in your criteria and fulfills the purpose of developing your online store also . A good website is a critical component of any new business launch . But once the latter gets downloaded it creates wonders with its special effects . A web site should also be easy to navigate . The first ingredient of quality corporate web design Portland Oregon involves how well each individual aspect of the site relates to the rest .

Yet another important component of successful web design is how easy the site is to navigate for both human visitors and search engine spiders . Although this list is by no means comprehensive, these factors all play an important role in effective best web designs Portland Oregon . Many agencies have the proper coordination with yahoo search engine and MSN ad- centre which help them to do a comprehensive research in order to construct the most effective PPC campaign . Technology has progressed to such a great extent that a website has become the prerequisite for success . Although, it may charge something higher than the low stature web design companies, the advantages gained are far more superior to the minuscule amount of bucks spent in its higher costs . In order to reap the benefits of an online shop, you will need to take a closer look at your website design and consider revising it to conform to the latest web 2 .